Volcanic Seven Summits

 

 

South AmericaOjos del Salado
(6893 m)
3700 m prominence
AfricaKilimanjaro
(5895 m)
5500 m prominence
AsiaDamavand
(5671 m)
4600 m prominence
EuropeElbrus
(5642 m)
4700 m prominence
North AmericaPico de Orizaba
(5636 m)
4900 m prominence
Australia/OceaniaGiluwe
(4368 m)
2400 m prominence
AntarcticaMount Sidley
(4285 m)
2300 m prominence

 

 

Christoph Höbenreich

Lukas Furtenbach

Four individual trips to the seven continent‘s highest volcanoes!

 

The highest volcanoes of every continent together constitute the “Volcanic Seven Summits”, an exciting, beautiful and still a very exclusive collection of mountains. While the normal Seven Summits (the highest peaks of every continent) have already been climbed by several hundreds of mountaineers, the Volcanic Seven Summits have only been climbed by a handful of people yet. Volcanoes are the epitome of nature‘s tremendous forces. The gigantic mountains are spectacular signs of the colossal processes inside the Earth, which move the continents. Fire mountains are magical places. Nowhere else you can see and feel geology so vivid and impressive. And hardly any other mountaintop gives such a strong feeling, to literally “be above it all”, like single standing volcanic giants that rise up to several kilometers high above the surrounding lowlands (s. prominence).

Do you dream of a new and outstanding challenge? We offer the ultimate mountaineering expedition series to the highest volcano on each of the seven continents in “double packs”.

Our logistics are special and unique: We combine the volcanoes of two continents in one trip. With our sophisticated flight- and travel-plan we optimize your time effort, acclimatization schedule, summit chances and finally enjoyment. Due to our well planned itinerary, local logistical partners and the perfect matching of the ideal climatic climbing seasons each of the four expeditions can be realized within 2 to 3 weeks. The combination of two stunning world-class peaks in one spectacular journey offers double excitement, double experience and double chances for summit success at a short travel duration! Our worldwide unique Volcanic Seven Summits expedition series includes four spectacular journeys to climb the world´s highest volcanoes in double packs: 

Elbrus (5.642 m) +
Damavand (5.671 m)
21 Apr - 05. May 2019, 07. - 21. July 2019 SKITOUR
Giluwe (4.368 m) +
Kilimanjaro (5.895 m)
11 - 29 Aug 2019
Pico de Orizaba (5.636 m) +
Ojos del Salado (6.893 m)
26 Dec 2018 -
16 Jan 201
9
Mount Sidley (4285 m) 09 - 20 Jan 2019

Papua Neu Guinea & West Papua    04 - 19 Aug 2019, 04 - 28 Aug 2019

The volcanoes offer a very varied and diverse spectrum of ascents: Adventurous jungle trekking on partially pathless, tropical terrain, challenging high-altitude mountaineering in deserts and on subtropical glaciers and even a new route to the summit of one of the most remote, spectacular and rarely climbed polar mountains near the South Pole. Nothing less than the world´s highest volcanoes are the targets of our unique expedition series, initiated and planned by Christoph Höbenreich and Lukas Furtenbach, passionate explorers, mountaineers and geographers from Austria. The organization by the innovative Austrian mountain tour operator and specialist for exclusive expeditions Furtenbach Adventures and the professional guidance by UIAGM certified mountain- & skiguides offer the best chances for adventurous and successful expeditions.


Ojos del Salado (6.893 m)

 Argentinia-Chile 

Nevado Ojos del Salado (“Snowpeak of salteyes”) is an active stratovolcano in the Andes at the ArgentinaChile border. Its location in the Atacama high desert with its colorful, turqouise salt lakes prevails extremely dry desert climate with little precipitation, mostly clear and freezing cold nights and bright days. “Ojos” is the highest mountain in Chile and the highest volcano of the world. It is also listed as the second highest mountain after Aconcagua (6962 meters), which is only 69 Meter higher, in South America and the Western hemisphere. Aconcagua was long considered to be a volcano. But the current geological consensus is that Aconcagua consists of uplifted rocks of volcanic origin which did not erupt into its current form, so it is not a volcano. The climb to the summit of Ojos del Salado is mostly trekking except for the last part near the summit which is a difficult scramble that may require ropes. Ojos del Salado does not have such an aesthetic shape like other mountains of the Andes. But as a massive desert six-thousander it offers the perfect blend of wilderness adventure and high-altitude mountaineering in solitude, untouched and boundless expanse.

 

 


Kilimanjaro (5.895 m)

Tanzania

The dormant stratovolcanic giant Kilimanjaro in north-eastern Tanzania has three volcanic summit cones: Kibo (5895 meters), Mawenzi (5148 meters) and Shira (3962 meters). The currently inactive volcano is the highest mountain in Africa, the fourth highest of the Seven Summits and the second highest of the Volcanic Seven Summits. With a stunning prominence of 5500 (!) meters Kilimanjaro is also considered as the world´s highest single standing mountain. The highest point on Kibo‘s crater rim is called Uhuru Peak, the “peak of freedom”.

 

 


Damavand (5.671 m)

Iran

Damavand is a superbly shaped stratovolcano, potentially active and the highest peak of Iran in the central Alborz range near the Caspian sea. It has a special place in persian mythology and is the highest volcano in Asia and the northern hemisphere. There are several volcanic vents known as the Kunlun Volcanic Group in Tibet, the highest of which has a reported elevation slightly higher than Damavand. Peaks in this volcanic group however are only considered as pyroclastic cones. And none of these cones has a prominence greater than 300 meters. As such, they are not counted among the world volcanic mountain peaks and it is Damavand that has the official title of the highest volcano of Asia.

 

 


Elbrus (5.642 m)

Russia

Elbrus is an inactive, heavily glaciated twin-peaked stratovolcano in the western Caucasus. Elbrus west summit stands at 5642 metres, the east summit is slightly lower at 5621 metres. It has a permanent summit ice cap which feeds 22 glaciers and is the highest mountain in Russia. The generally accepted geographical border between Europe and Asia runs along the crest of the Ural Mountains in central Russia and along the watershed of the Caucasus. Since Elbrus rises just north of the crest, it is considered as the highest summit and the highest volcano in Europe and therefore one of the Seven Summits as well as the Volcanic Seven Summits. Some theories though define the Kuma-Manych depression as the geographical border between Asia and Europe, which would relegate Elbrus entirely in Asia, making the active stratovolcano Etna (3350 meters) in Sicily the highest volcano and Mont Blanc (4810 m) in the Alps the highest peak in Europe. Spanish Pico de Teide (3718 meters) in the Canary Islands, while also within the territory of the European Union and even higher than Etna, wouldn’t be considered because the Canary Islands geologically belong to the African continent.

 

 


Pico de Orizaba (5.636 m)

Mexico

Pico de Orizaba, also known by its Aztec name Citlaltépetl, is a beautiful stratovolcano and the highest mountain in Mexico as well as the highest volcano in North America. Furthermore it is the third highest mountain in North America after Mt.McKinley in Alaska (6194 meters) and Mount Logan in Canada (5959 meters). Pico de Orizaba is visible from afar and therefore known as one of the most prominent volcanic peaks in the world after Africa‘s Kilimanjaro. From its summit even the Gulf of Mexico about 110 kilometers away is visible.

 

 


Giluwe (4.368 m)

Papua New Guinea

Giluwe is an old eroded shield volcano and the highest volcano on Papua New Guinea. Carstensz Pyramide (4884 meters), Sumantri (4870 meters) and Puncak Mandala (4760 m) are higher but not of volcanic origin. Giluwe has the distinction of being the highest volcano in Oceania and on the Australian continent. This list recognizes that the island of New Guinea is an integral part of the Australian continent. Also in regards to the definition of Oceania, which adds New Zealand and Polynesia including Hawaii, Giluwe remains the highest volcano since it exceeds the elevation of Mauna Kea (4205 m above sealevel, approx. 9300 m prominence) and any volcano in New Zealand. We are not looking for the tallest but the highest volcanoes of each of the seven continents.


Mount Sidley (4.825 m)

Antarctica

Mount Sidley, the highest peak of Marie Byrd Land in the interior of West-Antarctica, is still almost unknown even among mountaineers. No wonder, it was climbed for the first time by polar explorers only as late as 1990. Mount Sidley is a huge and remote mountain set on the flat white expanse of the West-Antarctic Sheet. The majestic, mostly-snow-covered peak features a five kilometers wide caldera and a 1200 Meter deep, sheer walled amphitheater. Blue ice slopes guard the upper mountain and fantastical bizarre snow “mushrooms“ sprout along the upper ridge and the crater rim. Sidley’s spectacular remote setting near the South Pole as well as its interesting and varied climbing make it a very exciting target for adventure-mountaineers and of course a “must do“ for all “Volcanic Seven Summitters”.

 

 


Geography of the Volcanic Seven Summits

Due to different interpretations of continental borders (geological, geographical, geopolitical) several definitions for the highest summits per continent and numbers of continents are possible. The list of seven continents used here is based on the continent model used in Europe. An additional complication in determining the highest volcanic summits is defining exactly what constitutes a volcano and how much topographic prominence it must have relative to any nearby non-volcanic peaks in order to qualify. For the purposes of this list, the summits must be an actual eruptive volcanic center, not merely made of volcanic rocks which were uplifted by other geological processes. Furthermore a topographic prominence of at least 300 meters is required so that the list includes only genuine volcanic mountains and not minor outpourings of lava which happened to leak to the Earth’s surface in high-altitude regions. Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcanic_Seven_Summits, www.peakbagger.com

Volcanic Landforms

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